Analisis Hukum Islam Tentang Pendistribusian Zakat Fitrah oleh Takmir Masjid At-Taqwa Terhadap Gharim yang Hutangnya untuk Lembaga

A Saiful Aziz, Subhan Subhan, Ubbadul Adzkiya'

Abstract


This study describes how the implementation of zakat fitrah management at the At-Taqwa Mosque, Pamedaran Village, Brebes Town, and to find out the analysis of Islamic law on the distribution of zakat fitrah to people who have debts to institutions. This research was conducted with a qualitative method and a descriptive approach. The conclusion of the study shows: (1) Management of zakat fitrah at the At-Taqwa Mosque begins with planning through deliberations of leaders and amil on D-3 Eid al-Fitr and carried out on D-1 Eid al-Fitr with the time of collecting zakat fitrah from after dawn prayer until before prayer Asr, then the amil calculates the amount of zakat fitrah that has been collected, then distributes it to asnaf in the At-Taqwa Mosque environment, namely asnaf indigent, poor, amil, fisabilillah and gharim. (2) The distribution of zakat fitrah carried out by the takmir of the At-Taqwa Mosque in Pamedaran Village to gharim whose debts to institutions are not in accordance with Islamic law, because what is meant by gharim according to the four schools of thought is a person who is in debt and it is an obligation for him to pay the debt, while in this case the person who is considered a gharim is only an intermediary for the debt and the real owner of the debt is the institution/mosque.


Keywords


Islamic Law, Zakat Fitrah, Distribution of Zakat, Gharim

References


Ahmad, Shofian, Amir Husin Mohd. Nor, Zakat Membangun Ummah, Kuala Lumpur: Sanon Printing Corporation SDN BHD, 2002.

Al-Jazairi, Abu Bakar Jabir, Ensiklopedi Muslim, Jakarta: Darul Fala, 2015.

Al-Juzairi, Syaikh Abdurrahman, Fikih Empat Madzhab, Jilid 2, Terjemah Shofa’u Qolbi Djabir dkk, Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Kautsar, 2020.

Al-Zuhayly, Wahbah, Zakat Kajian Berbagai Mazhab, Agus Effendi, Bahrudin Fananny (Penterjemah), Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya Offset, 2008.

Anwar, Moch, dkk, Fathul Mu’in, (Terjemah), Bandung: Sinar Baru Agensindo, 1994.

Arifin , Gus, Dalil-Dalil Dan Keutamaan Zakat, Infaq, Sedekah, Jakarta: PT. Elex Media Komputindo, 2011.

Az-Zuhaili, Wahbah, Fiqih Islam Wa Adillatuhu, Jilid 3, Terjemah Abdul Hayyi Al-Kattani dkk, Jakarta: Gema Insani, 2011.

Badruddin, Amil Zakat Fitrah, wawancara, pada 10 agustus 2020. Jam 17:00 WIB

Barkah, Qodariah, Peny Cahaya Azwari, Saprida, Zuul Fitriani Umari, Fikih Zakat, Sedekah, dan Wakaf, Jakarta: Prenadamedia Group, 2020.

Hafidhuddin, Didin, Hukum Zakat, Terj. Jakarta: PT .Pustaka Mizan, 1999.

Hakim, Budi Rahmat, “Analisis Terhadap Undang-undang N0. 23 Tahun 2011 Tentang Pengelolaan Zakat (Perspektif Hukum Islam)”, Syari’ah Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 15, 2, 2015.

Hakim, M. Fikril, Abu Sholahuddin (Penterjemah), Fiqh Populer Terjemah Fathul Mu’in, Kediri: Lirboyo Press.

Harahap, Khairul Amru dan Masrukhin, Fikih Sunnah, (Terjemah), Jakarta: Cakrawala Publishing, 2015.

Hasbi, Al-Furqon, 125 Masalah Zakat, Solo: Tiga Serangkai, 2008.

https://islam.nu.or.id/post/read/91590/beda-pendapat-ulama-soal-besaran-zakat-fitrah-yang-harus-dikeluarkan. Diakses pada 5 juli 2021

Ismail, Ahmad Satori, Fikih Zakat Kontekstual Indonesia, Jakarta: Badan Amil Zakat Nasional, 2018.

Julkipli, Putra, Pelaksanaan Distribusi Zakat Fitrah Di Kelurahan Bintuju Kecamatan Batang Angkola Kabupaten Tapanuli Selatan, (Skripsi), Padangsidimpuan: Jurusan Ahwal Al-Syakhsiyyah Fakultas Syariah Dan Ilmu Hukum Institut Agama Islam Negeri Padangsidimpuan, 2018.

Kementerian Agama RI, Al-Qur‟An...,

Muhammad, Abdul Wahid , Al Faqih, Bidayatul Mujtahid, Jakarta: Pustaka Amani, 2007.

Nasution, Lahmudin, Fiqih, Jakarta: Logos, 2015.

Pasal 1 Ayat 3 UUD Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945.

Peraturan Pemerintah No.14 Tahun 2014 bab VII pasal 66

Peraturan Pemerintah No.14 Tahun 2014 bab X pasal 78 dan 83

Sulaiman , Abu Dawud Bin Al-Asy’ats Al-Azdi As-Sijistani, Ensiklopedia Hadits 5; Sunan Abu Dawud, Terjemah. Muhammad Ghazali dkk, Jakarta: Almahira, Cet. 1, 2013.

Suryadi, Andi, Mustahiq dan Harta Yang Wajib Dizakati Menurut Kajian Para Ulama, Jurnal Keislaman, Kemasyarakatan & Kebudayaan, Program Pascasarjana Uin Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten, Volume 19, (1), 2018.

Taslim, Anshari, Fikih Imam Syafi’i, Puasa dan Zakat, (Terjemah), Jakarta: Pustaka Azzam, 2003.

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 23 Tahun 2011 Tentang Pengelolaan Zakat Pasal 2.

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 23 Tahun 2011 Tentang Pengelolaan Zakat. Pasal 1

Zabir, Muzakkir, Manajemen Pendistribusian Zakat Melalui Program Unggulan Beasiswa Oleh Baitul Mal Aceh, Jurnal Manajemen dan Administrasi Islam, Al-Idarah, Vol.1, No.1, Januari 2017.

Zuhri, M, dkk, Fiqih Empat Madzhab, Semarang: Asy-Syifa, 1994, Jilid 4.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31942/iq.v8i2.5615

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JURNAL IQTISAD: Reconstruction of Justice and Welfare for Indonesia is INDEXED BY:

Google ScholarGoogle Scholar Google ScholarGoogle ScholarGoogle ScholarGoogle Scholar

 

 

 


Alamat kami di :

PKPI2 FAI Universitas Wahid Hasyim

JL. Menoreh Tengah X / 22, Sampangan, Gajahmungkur, Sampangan, Gajahmungkur, Kota Semarang, Jawa Tengah 50232, Indonesia
Handphone: +6281532599999
Email: pkpi2@unwahas.ac.id / iqtisad@unwahas.ac.id
 

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

 

View My Stats